Pages and posts are the two sections of WordPress that you are going to add the majority of your content to. Some beginners have difficulty deciphering the difference between the two. If the main purpose of your website is blogging, then the majority of your content is going to be added to posts. Posts are listed in reverse chronological order, meaning the most recent post will typically be at the top of your homepage. You also have the option of organizing your posts using “Categories” and “Tags”. A category in WordPress is a designated area where you can file your posts. A tag is essentially a more specific sub category(tags are completely optional). People who visit your website have the ability to comment and share your posts. Pages are not time stamped or in chronological order. An example of a page would be your “About” or “Contact” section of your website.
To go to the “Posts” section of WordPress, hover over “Posts” on the left side menu and select ‘All Posts‘.
All the posts that have been created for your website will be displayed on this page. As you can see below, my website only has one post listed. The post is titled “Blog Post Title”(there will usually be a post included with the theme that you selected.). If you hover below the the post, you will see the options:
Click the ‘Add New‘ button located towards the top of the page to add a new post.
Enter the title of the your post in the designated area(make sure it is related to the subject of the post). Below, you will notice a section that is similar to Microsoft Word where you can add content using a text edit format. In this section, you will be able to write about various topics, add images/videos, and sculpt your post to your specifications. Click the “Toolbar Toggle” button to expand your toolbar and view more options.
Scroll towards the bottom right side of the page where there will be the option to add a featured image. A featured image essentially represents the overall theme of the post or page. It is an image that is displayed with the content you have written and enhances the presentation of your site. Click ‘Set featured image‘ below and upload the desired image through the “Add Media” process.
Above the featured image option is “Append a Ninja Form”. This is a common plugin that is typically included with any basic WordPress package. Ninja Forms allows you to create contact forms using a simple drag and drop process that does not require writing any type of code. Above that is the “Post Attributes” module. Post Attributes allows you to select which template you would like for your post.
Like I said in the intro, tags are basically more specific categories. Tags help link related posts together and describe the overall theme of the post. To add tags, scroll down to the tag section located on the right side of the page. Input the tag in the space below(if you are adding multiple tags, simply type the tag, add a comma to the end, hit space, and enter the next tag.), then click ‘Add‘.
To go to the tag section of WordPress, click ‘Tags‘ below posts on the left side of the page.
Once you have arrived at the “Tags” page, you will be able to view any tags you have created and can also search through your catalog by entering the name in the space provided, then clicking ‘Search Tags‘. There is also another method of adding a new tag on this page. As you can see in the image below, the page provides a space to enter in a new tag name, a slug, and a description of the tag. A slug is basically just words that are added to the end of a URL that describe the page, post, category, or tag. Try to keep the slug simple and incorporate any keywords. If you do not manually write in a slug, WordPress will automatically choose one based on the title of your article. Once you have entered the name of your new tag and the slug, you have the option of writing a description. In the description, you are going to want to specify what the tag is for. Only certain themes will display the description(typically when you hover over the tag). After you have filled in all the following fields, click ‘Add New Tag‘. You have now officially created a new tag that you can link your posts to.
Adding categories is very similar to adding tags. You will find the “Categories” section when you scroll on the right hand side of the page when creating or editing a post. If you have no interest in categorizing your post, simply check the ‘Uncategorized‘ box. If you would like to add your post to a category, click ‘+ Add New Category‘. A space will then be provided for you to enter your desired category name. Once you have input the category name, click ‘Add New Category‘. The category that you created will then appear under “All Categories”, where you can then check the box linking your post to that category.
Once you have arrived at the categories page, you will notice that it is almost identical to the tags page. Create a new category by entering a category name, slug, and description. You can also add a featured image if you download a certain plugin (This will be discussed later in this guide). Once you have filled out the following fields, click ‘Add New Category‘. Now that your new category has been created, you can link your posts to that category.
Just above categories is the “Format” module. This section allows you to select which format you would like your post to be displayed. Experiment with your options by selecting a desired format and clicking ‘Preview‘ under the “Publish” box. Once you have found the format you desire, click ‘Publish‘ to save your progress(or click ‘Update‘ if you have already published the post).
Click the ‘Pages‘ tab located on the left sidebar of WordPress. You will then be presented with your existing pages (Most themes that you will select will come with existing pages). To add a new page, click ‘Add New‘ either at the top or to the left of the page.
Adding a page is very similar to adding a post. Simply enter the page title and write the content in the spaces provided. You can also add a featured image and append a ninja form.
There is also a section called “Page Attributes”. Within the Page Attributes section, you are going to see “Parent”, “Template”, and “Order”. If you click the dropbox below Parent, you will see a list of all the pages you created on your website. You can then add the current page you are working on to one of those existing pages. The existing page would then be called the “Parent Page” and the page that you are adding to it is called the “Child Page”. For example, if you have an “About Me” page in a blog, you can then add a child page called “My Family” within it. So now instead of the “My Family” page being in the main menu, it will be in a sub menu of the “About Me” page. You can even make another child page within the “My Family” page called “Dad”. Certain themes contain extra templates that can be used to further customize your page to your specifications. Click the dropbox below “Template” to see what additional templates you have available. Typically these templates will be designed for specific kinds of pages such as the Front Page, Full-width page, Links page, etc. The last section of this module is “Order”. Simply just input the number that you would like the page to appear. For example, if you would like the page to appear first, enter the number 1 into the space provided and update the page.